Madagascar: Tropical Cyclone Batsirai & Enmati, Feb 2022
 Situation overview

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  • The Office of Risks and Disasters (BNGRC) reports, as of 14 February, 94 fatalities, of which 71 in Ikongo District (Fitovinany Region, central-eastern Madagascar). BNGRC also reports nearly 62,000 displaced and more than 116,000 affected people.


Tropical Cyclone Batsirai made landfall as an Intense Tropical Cyclone (Category 3 equivalent) on the east coast of Madagascar—14 kilometres north of the city of Mananjary—at 8 p.m. local time on Saturday, 5 February 2022. As it made landfall, Batsirai recorded wind speeds of 165km/h and wind gusts of up to 230km/h. The most affected districts are Nosy Varika, Mananjary and Manakara, according to preliminary information. At least 10 people have died, some 43,236 people are displaced across 180 sites, and at least 211 schools have been affected, according to preliminary information received from the National Disaster Risk Management Agency (BNGRC). These figures are expected to rise in the days ahead, as more information becomes available, including in areas that have not yet reported on the destruction and damage caused by Tropical Cyclone Batsirai, including Mananjary district. At least 19 roads and 17 bridges have been cut, according to the latest update from the BNGRC, with some of the towns that were devastated by the cyclone, such as Manankara, currently unreachable. Although a flood watch warning was issued for the Mananjary river basin, where river levels rose from 1 metre to 3 metres between 3 and 6 February at Tsaravary, it was lifted on 7 February as water levels began to decline. The Tropical Cyclone Batsirai weather system has now entered the Mozambique channel, where it is moving southwards and away from land. It has lost much of its strength and was classified as Post-Tropical Depression ex-Batsirai at 4 p.m. on Monday, 7 February. Following Intense Tropical Cyclone Batsirai’s landfall, the Government activated search, rescue and evacuation efforts, including an emergency evacuation in Lokomby and Ivatana, Manakara District, on 6 February, and a helicopter rescue operation in Ivohibe, Ihorombe region. The BNGRC activated the national Emergency Operations Centre (CERVO) on 4 February and local operations centres have been established in five locations (Mahanoro, Mananjary, Manakara, Atsinanana and Atsimo Atsinanana) to coordinate the response. Assessments have begun today, with the first aerial assessment taking place via an UNHAS flight. This will be complemented by multisectoral needs assessments by teams on the ground in the coming days, which will provide a more comprehensive overview of the situation and help inform response priorities in the days ahead. UN OCHA has deployed an UNDAC team to the emergency areas to assist in coordination of already existing international relief as well as the incoming ones. The Government is providing cash transfers for vulnerable households impacted by the cyclone, while humanitarian partners have deployed surge teams and are ramping up their responses. WFP has started distributing hot meals to 4,000 evacuated and displaced people in shelters, in coordination with Government authorities. Protection partners, including UNICEF and its government counterpart DRPPSPF, are providing kits to establish child-friendly spaces (“Sahan’ny Ankizy”) in Analamanga, Anosy and Analanjirofo regions, as well as training social workers on gender-based violence (GBV) and the prevention of sexual exploitation and abuse (PSEA) in the Analamanga, Analanjirofo, Atsinanana, Vatovavy, Fitovinany and Anosy regions. UNFPA and its partners—including MPPSPF, CECJ and the Ministry of Health—are providing psychological first aid in Manakara, Fianarantsoa, Vangaindrano, Mahabako and Taolagnaro (Fort-Dauphin), distributing dignity kits for women and girl survivors of GBV in the Vatovavy, Fitovinany, Atsimo Andrefana, Anosy, Androy regions, and providing medical care for survivors of sexual violence). With the support of the START fund, NGO partners are: providing primary health care, referrals, treatment of sexual violence and psychological first aid in Vatomandry (Médecins du Monde); and implementing a rapid needs assessment to identify the most vulnerable households, as well as sensitizing households on gender-based violence and PSEA, ahead of planned cash distributions for 1,200 households in Vatomandry and Brickaville (CRS and ODDIT). Separately, CARE has deployed teams from the capital, Antananarivo, in Vatomandry and Manakara accompanied by kitchen kits and plastic sheeting to support the immediate shelter and non-food items.

A United Nations Disaster and Coordination Team has been deployed by UNOCHA. The team includes members of  OCHA, WFP LogCluster, Telecoms Sans Frontières, MapAction and Atlas Logistics. The UNDAC Team Leader can be contacted at the following numbers:

Peter Muller / Email: / Mobile: +41 79 5350434

Additional situation reports are available on:



Situation reports

Reponse sectorielle logistique au CT Batsirai
Risk analysis

ADAM - TC Batsirai - Population Estimations
ADAM - TC Batsirai -Rainfall Dashboard
WFP Warning #16 - TC Batsirai
WFP Warning #11 - TC Batsirai

DG ECHO Daily Map - 08/02/2022
Maps from MapAction
Meeting Reports

Logistics Cluster_Madagascar_08/02/2022
TC Batsirai Global Call_#1
 Status of request for assistance
The Government of Madagascar has requested international support.
A number of relief teams have deployed and/or considering deployment of staff and assets.
- A Polish EMT Type 1 is being mobilized for deployment.
- (Reported) Deployed Relief teams (in no particular order): UNDAC, EUCPT, WFP, UNICEF, UNHRD, Save the Children, CRF, IFRC, Team Rubicon, ACF, ECHO.
Please report any deployment through comments on the VO.